3D metallic nanostructure fabrication by surfactant-assisted multiphoton-induced reduction

Yao Yu Cao, Nobuyuki Takeyasu, Takuo Tanaka, Xuan Ming Duan, Satoshi Kawata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

221 Citations (Scopus)


A method to gain small feature sizes on the fabrication of metallic structures with the aid of a surfactant as a metal growth inhibitor was presented. Structures consisting of silver nanoparticles were produced in the metal-ion aqueous solutions placed on a cover slip by irradiation with a mode-locked femtosecond laser. The width of the metallic structure is found to be smaller than the size of the diffraction limit of 690 nm, which is given by 1.22 λNA-1. The concentration of nanoparticles is found to be higher at the center of the focused laser spot due to higher nucleation probability associated with the higher laser power. Microscopic images reveal that the free-standing silver pillar are measured with a minimum linewidth of 180 nm. The direct photoreduction of the metal ions with surfactants lead to 3D metal structures with resolution exceeding the diffraction limit of light.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1144-1148
Number of pages5
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - May 18 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Metal
  • Multiphoton process
  • Nanostructures photoreduction
  • Surfactants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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