Although the alteration of the 9p24.1 chromosome locus and PD-L1 overexpression is found in nodular sclerosis classic Hodgkin lymphoma, whether these aberrations occur in CHL and Hodgkin-like lesion (HLL) of methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorder (MTX-CHL and MTX-HLL) is unknown. We compared the clinicopathologic features, the genomic status of the 9p24.1 locus and PD-L1 expression in a series of 34 patients including 17 with Epstein-Barr virus-positive de novo CHL, 7 with MTX-CHL, 10 with MTX-HLL using an immunofluorescence in situ hybridization method and immunohistochemistry. The proportions of cells with 9p24.1 genetic alteration in CD30-positive Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg cells of de novo CHL, MTX-CHL and MTX-HLL were 55%, 68%, and 24%, respectively. The positive rates of PD-L1 measured by immunohistochemical H-scores of de novo CHL, MTX-CHL and MTX-HLL were 142±38, 157±75, and 70±42, respectively. Alteration of the 9p24.1 gene and expression of PD-L1 protein were correlated with all 3 diseases (correlation coefficient, 0.731). Both alteration of the 9p24.1 gene and overexpression of PD-L1 protein were observed in Epstein-Barr virus-positive de novo CHL and MTX-CHL but not in MTX-HLL. In conclusion, MTX-CHL has similar pathogenesis-like de novo CHL, but MTX-HLL seems to be a different disease from de novo CHL and MTX-CHL.
- 9p24.1 gene amplification
- Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg-like cells
- methotrexate-associated lymphoproliferative disorder
- Reed-Sternberg cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine