A caffeine-sensitive membrane electrode: Previous misleading report and present approach

Takashi Katsu, Yumi Tsunamoto, Nobumitsu Hanioka, Keiko Komagoe, Kazufumi Masuda, Shizuo Narimatsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Although a previous study [S.S.M. Hassan, M.A. Ahmed, M.M. Saoudi, Anal. Chem. 57 (1985) 1126] had shown that a caffeine-sensitive electrode made with picrylsulfonate and 1-octanol as a cation-exchanger and a solvent mediator, respectively, had a wide working pH range (5.5-9.5) and exhibited a Nernstian response, we could not find such response in this electrode. The present result was reasonable, because the pKa value of caffeinium ion was reported to be around 0.7 and the neutral form of caffeine was predominant in the pH range examined. Thus, we reinvestigated the response characteristics of a caffeine electrode, taking into consideration the pKa value, and constructed a new electrode with a combination of the lipophilic cation-exchanger, tetrakis[3,5-bis(2-methoxyhexafluoro-2-propyl)phenyl]borate (HFPB), and the solvent mediator with high degree of dielectric constant, 2-fluoro-2′-nitrodiphenyl ether (FNDPE). This electrode showed a pH-dependent response to caffeinium ion and gave a detection limit of 50 μM with a slope of 55 mV per concentration decade at pH 2. The use of other solvent mediators was less effective than that of FNDPE. The electrode was applied for the determination of caffeine in some central stimulants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-54
Number of pages5
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 14 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • 2-Fluoro-2′-nitrodiphenyl ether
  • Caffeine determination
  • Caffeinium ion
  • Ion-selective electrode
  • Solvent mediator

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy


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