Background: Trastuzumab when combined with fluoropyrimidine and cisplatin was proven to improve survival in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive gastric cancer (GC) in the ToGA study. The safety and efficacy of trastuzumab in combination with docetaxel and S-1 have not yet been evaluated. Methods: This study was a multicenter, phase II study. Patients with chemotherapy-naïve HER2-positive advanced or metastatic GC were eligible. Trastuzumab was administered intravenously on day 1 of the first cycle at 8 and 6 mg/kg in subsequent cycles. Docetaxel was administered intravenously at 40 mg/m2 on day 1 of each cycle. S-1 was administered at a dosage based on body surface area for 14 days in a 3-weekly cycle. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Results: A total of 23 patients were enrolled. Median PFS was 6.7 months (95% CI 4.1–10.1). The response rate (RR) was 39.1%. Median overall survival (OS) and time to treatment failure (TTF) were 17.5 and 4.4 months, respectively. Major grade 3–4 adverse events were neutropenia (39.1%), leukopenia (30.4%), and febrile neutropenia (8.7%). Conclusion: Trastuzumab in combination with docetaxel and S-1 showed effective antitumor activity and manageable toxicities as first-line treatment for patients with HER2-positive GC.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1 2018|
- Gastric cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Pharmacology (medical)