A novel chondrocyte sheet fabrication using human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived expandable limb-bud mesenchymal cells

Tomoka Takao, Masato Sato, Yuki Fujisawa, Eriko Toyoda, Daisuke Yamada, Yukio Hitsumoto, Eiji Nakata, Toshifumi Ozaki, Takeshi Takarada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Cell sheet fabrication for articular cartilage regenerative medicine necessitates a large number of chondrocytes of consistent quality as a cell source. Previously, we have developed human-induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived expandable PRRX1+ limb-bud mesenchymal cells (ExpLBM) with stable expansion and high chondrogenic capacity, while in this study; our ExpLBM technology was combined with cell sheet engineering to assess its potential as a stable cell source for articular cartilage regeneration. METHODS: ExpLBM cells derived from human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs), including 414C2 and Ff-KVs09 (HLA homozygous), were seeded onto a culture plate and two-dimensional chondrogenic induction (2-DCI) was initiated. After 2-DCI, ExpLBM-derived chondrocytes were stripped and transferred to temperature-responsive culture inserts and the chondrocyte sheets were histologically examined or transplanted into osteochondral knee defects of immunodeficient rats. RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry revealed that ExpLBM-derived cell sheets were positive for Safranin O, COL2, and ACAN but that they were negative for COL1 and RUNX2. Furthermore, the engrafted tissues in osteochondral knee defects in immunodeficient rats were stained with SafO, human VIMENTIN, ACAN, and COL2. CONCLUSIONS: The present study is the first to report the chondrocyte sheet fabrication with hiPSC-derived cell source. hiPSC-derived ExpLBM would be a promising cell source for cell sheet technology in articular cartilage regenerative medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34
Number of pages1
JournalStem Cell Research and Therapy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 24 2023


  • Chondrocyte sheet
  • Expandable limb-bud mesenchymal cells
  • Human-induced pluripotent stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Cell Biology


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