A phase 1, dose-finding and pharmacokinetic study of gemcitabine with nab-paclitaxel in patients with metastatic breast cancer

Seiji Yoshitomi, Naruto Taira, Hiroyoshi Doihara, Taeko Mizoo, Tomohiro Nogami, Takayuki Iwamoto, Takayuki Motoki, Tadahiko Shien, Yutaka Ogasawara, Junji Matsuoka, Hisashi Tsuji, Toshiharu Mitsuhashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Gemcitabine (Gem) with paclitaxel (Pac) is used for patients with metastatic breast cancer who require cytoreduction with manageable toxicities. Nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-Pac exhibits better efficacy and reduces the risk of hypersensitivity reactions associated with solvent-based Pac. Therefore, Gem plus nab-Pac (GA) therapy may be effective for metastatic breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine the maximum tolerated dose for GA therapy. Methods: The subjects were patients with metastatic breast cancer with performance status 0 or 1 and normal hepatic, renal and marrow function. Leukopenia, neutropenia or thrombocytopenia of grade 4, neutropenic fever, or non-hematological toxicity of grade 3 or higher during the 1st cycle, and chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity of grade 2 or higher at the end of the 1st cycle were defined as dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs). Gem (1250 mg/m2) was administered on days 1 and 8. nab-Pac was administered at a starting dose of 180 mg/m2(cohort 1) and escalated to 220 mg/m2(cohort 2) and 260 mg/m2(cohort 3) on day 1 of the 21-day cycle, using a 3 + 3 design. Results: Nine patients (n = 3, 3, and 3 in cohorts 1, 2, and 3, respectively) were included in the study (median age 56 years; range 43–75 years). DLTs did not occur in any cohorts. Conclusions: The initial recommend dose in GA therapy is 1250 mg/m2Gem and 260 mg/m2nab-Pac. It is well known that nab-Pac has cumulative toxicities, and thus the efficacy and safety of GA therapy require validation in a phase 2 study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-294
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2016


  • Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity
  • Gemcitabine
  • Metastatic breast cancer
  • Nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel
  • Phase 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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