A study on cross-reactivity of anti-DNA antibody with glycosaminoglycans.

N. Kashihara, S. Hirakawa, Y. Mino, H. Makino, Z. Ota

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4 Citations (Scopus)


To study the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis, the cross reactivity between anti-DNA antibody and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) was investigated. Monoclonal anti-DNA antibodies were obtained from hybridomas by the fusion of MRL/lpr/lpr splenocytes with murine myeloma cells. Some of these monoclonal anti-DNA antibodies showed cross reactivity with GAGs, such as hyaluronic acid, chondroitin sulfate and heparan sulfate. To elucidate the mechanism of cross reactivity, inhibition assays with propanol and polyethylenimine (PEI), a cationic agent, were carried out. Increase of the concentration of PEI (0.6-2.0% vol/vol) resulted in a dose dependent decrease in the binding ability of anti-DNA antibody to GAGs. Propanol, an organic reagent which disrupts the van der Waals bonds between epitopes and paratopes, showed little inhibitory effect on the binding activity of monoclonal anti-DNA antibody to GAGs. These results indicate that the binding of anti-DNA antibody to GAGs is due to a charge interaction rather than van der Waals forces. Anti-DNA antibody which can react with GAGs in the glomerular basement membrane seems to play an important role in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-259
Number of pages5
JournalActa medica Okayama
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology


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