Active integrated antenna techniques for beam control

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Active integrated antenna techniques have high potential for giving smaller size, lighter weight, lower cost and higher efficiency, in particular to millimeter-wave circuit-antenna systems. This paper gives a review of active integrated antenna techniques with emphasis on beam steering and retrodirective antenna arrays. Various beam steering operations of integrated antenna oscillator arrays using locking phenomena are presented. Beam steering arrays of such type have the feature that phase shifters are not necessary in the arrays. Arrays with higher harmonic output radiation can enlarge the beam steering range. Arrays of locked active antennas which operate as self-oscillating mixers can be beam controllable receiving antennas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1358-1367
Number of pages10
JournalIEICE Transactions on Electronics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2005


  • Active antenna
  • Beam control
  • Coupled oscillators system
  • Locking phenomenon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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