Analyses of the Posttranscriptional Regulation of CCN Genes: Approach to Multiple Steps of CCN2 Gene Expression

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Cells generally control the concentration of mRNA via transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulation, so the separate contributions of synthesis and degradation (decay) cannot be discriminated by the quantification of mRNA. To elucidate the contribution of posttranscriptional regulation, all experimental procedures for the analysis of the total transcript level, transcriptional induction, degradation of the target mRNA, and inhibition of mRNA translation are performed either individually or in combination. From our experience, measurement of the steady-state levels of mRNA using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction is an essential first step in quantifying the ccn2 gene expression. Subsequently, the effect of transcription rates should be assessed by reporter assays of the ccn2 promoter and nuclear run-on assays. The stability of ccn2 mRNAs is then evaluated in the presence of a metabolic inhibitor actinomycin D, followed by mRNA degradation assays in vitro. Finally, repression of ccn2 mRNA translation can be estimated by comparing the expression of mRNA and protein changes. We herein report the strategic methods used in a series of analyses to elucidate the possible involvement of the posttranscriptional regulatory mechanism of the ccn2 gene and show how this approach can, in theory, be used to elucidate the posttranscriptional regulation of other genes belonging to the CCN family.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMethods in Molecular Biology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Number of pages29
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
ISSN (Print)1064-3745
ISSN (Electronic)1940-6029


  • CCN
  • Gene expression
  • Posttranscriptional regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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