Analysing mobile learning designs: A framework for transforming learning post-COVID

Thomas Cochrane, Vickel Narayan, Stephen Aiello, Mehrasa Alizadeh, James Birt, Elisa Bone, Neil Cowie, Michael Cowling, Chris Deneen, Paul Goldacre, David Sinfield, Todd Stretton, Tom Worthington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Mobile learning is well established in literature and practice, but under-evolved from a rigorous learning design perspective. Activity theory presents a sophisticated way of mapping and understanding learning design, but for mobile learning this does not always translate into change in practice. The reported research addresses this by coupling a mobile learning specific approach to activity theory with a practice-based framework: the design for transformative mobile learning framework mapped to the pedagogy-andragogy-heutagogy continuum matrix (the DTML-PAH Matrix). Seven case studies are analysed using this approach and presented narratively along with framework informed analysis. Findings include that the DTML-PAH Matrix can be used to provide clearer implications and guidance for mobile learning practice, and that the DTML-PAH Matrix can also be guided by the practice over time. Implications for further research and practice are discussed. Implications for practice or policy: • Provide technological and pedagogical scaffolds to students. • Learning designs should focus upon enabling elements of learner agency and creativity. • To develop learning solutions to real world problems utilise a design-based research approach. • Create authentic collaborative learning activities and tasks. • Integrate mobile learning affordances in the design of the course and curriculum.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAustralasian Journal of Educational Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Activity theory
  • Heutagogy
  • Learner agency
  • Mobile learning
  • Post-covid learning design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


Dive into the research topics of 'Analysing mobile learning designs: A framework for transforming learning post-COVID'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this