Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells appear to play important functional roles in response to mechanical stress. We hypothesized that hypoxia caused by a deformation of blood vessels and the following ischaemia may play a crucial role in differential gene expression in PDL cells affected by mechanical stress. Gene induction in cultured human PDL cells by hypoxia was analyzed using cDNA array, followed by RT-PCR analysis. Eleven hypoxia-responsive genes were found differentially expressed under low-oxygen conditions in PDL cells. Among them, CCR2, CC chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) receptor was studied in more detail since little information is available on the role of chemokines in adaptive responses of PDL cells under hypoxia. Here we investigate whether CCR2 mediates the signalling to maintain the homeostasis of PDL cells. We found that cell death of PDL cells was induced under hypoxia with down-regulation of CCL2 mRNA expression. However, the exogenous CCL2 prevented PDL cell death under oxygen shortage with the increment of cellular inhibitor of apoptosis (cIAP) mRNA expression. The present study demonstrated substantial effects of hypoxia on gene expression of CCL2 and CCR2 in PDL cells, indicating that mechanical loading accompanied with mild hypoxia allows PDL cells to elicit adaptive responses with up-regulation of CCR2.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Archives of Oral Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2009|
- PDL cell
- cDNA array analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology