Antagonism between SA- and JA-signaling conditioned by saccharin in Arabidopsis thaliana renders resistance to a specific pathogen

Le Thi Phuong, Aprilia Nur Fitrianti, Mai Thanh Luan, Hidenori Matsui, Yoshiteru Noutoshi, Mikihiro Yamamoto, Yuki Ichinose, Tomonori Shiraishi, Kazuhiro Toyoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Saccharin is generated from probenazole (PBZ) in plants and acts as a plant defense activator. Our study of the mechanism underlying saccharin-induced systemic acquired resistance in Arabidopsis thaliana suggests an antagonistic interaction between salicylic acid (SA)- and jasmonic acid (JA)-signaling as revealed through gene expression analyses. In wild-type plants (Col-0) exposed to saccharin, there was a consistent increase in callose deposition and in expression of SA-marker genes, PR1 and PR2, which coincided with a decrease in expression of JA-marker genes such as VSP2, LOX2 and PDF1.2. Actually, pretreatment of Col-0 with saccharin or PBZ conferred resistance to Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000, but not to Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum, Botrytis cinerea, or Colletotrichum higginsianum. Enhanced expression of SA- and JA-marker genes and the augmented deposition of callose were evident after a challenge with virulent DC3000 in saccharin-pretreated plants. Consistently, pretreatment of saccharin and PBZ with SA- and JA-defective mutants led to diminished resistance in NahG-transgenic and npr1 mutant plants, but not in jar1 mutant plants, suggesting that saccharin and PBZ induce resistance in A. thaliana against Pto DC3000 mainly via activation of SA-signaling, leading to suppression of JA/ET-signaling and vice versa. Collectively, an antagonism between SA- and JA-signaling conditioned by saccharin renders resistance to a specific pathogen in Arabidopsis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-99
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of General Plant Pathology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2020


  • Induced resistance
  • Jasmonic acid (JA)
  • Probenazole (PBZ)
  • Saccharin
  • Salicylic acid (SA)
  • Signaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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