Anti-programmed cell death-1 antibody as a new serological marker for type 1 autoimmune hepatitis

Kazuyuki Matsumoto, Yasuhiro Miyake, Hiroshi Matsushita, Atsuyuki Ohnishi, Fusao Ikeda, Hidenori Shiraha, Akinobu Takaki, Kazuhiro Nouso, Kazuhide Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Background and Aim: Recently, the association of the dysfunction of programmed cell death (PD)-1 expressed on activated lymphocytes with the pathogenesis of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) has been speculated. This study aimed to investigate the association of serum anti-PD-1 antibodies with clinical characteristics of type 1 AIH. Methods: Serum samples before the initiation of prednisolone treatment were obtained from 52 type 1 AIH patients, 24 patients with drug-induced liver injury (DILI), 30 patients with acute viral hepatitis (AVH), 11 patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), and 62 healthy volunteers. Titers of serum anti-PD-1 antibodies were measured by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The cutoff level was represented by a mean absorbance+2 standard deviations in healthy volunteers. Results: Prevalence of serum anti-PD-1 antibodies was 63% in type 1 AIH patients, 8% in DILI patients, 13% in AVH patients, 18% in PSC patients, and 3% in healthy volunteers. In type 1 AIH patients, titers of serum anti-PD-1 antibodies were correlated with serum levels of bilirubin (r=0.31, P=0.030) and alanine aminotransferase (r=0.31, P=0.027) but not serum immunoglobulin G levels. Positivity for serum anti-PD-1 antibodies was associated with the later normalization of serum alanine aminotransferase levels after the initiation of prednisolone and the disease relapse. Conclusions: Serum anti-PD-1 antibodies would be useful for the discrimination of type 1 AIH from DILI, AVH, and PSC as an auxiliary diagnostic marker. Furthermore, anti-PD-1 antibodies may be associated with clinical characteristics of type 1 AIH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-115
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014


  • Acute viral hepatitis
  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • Drug-induced liver injury
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis
  • Programmed cell death-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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