Antibacterial Activity of DC-159a Against Salmonella Typhimurium

Kentaro Koide, Siriporn Kongsoi, Yuki Ouchi, Tomoyuki Yamaguchi, Chie Nakajima, Yasuhiko Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Quinolones show excellent antibacterial activity against Salmonella isolates. Recently, however, quinolone resistance has been increasing in bacteria. This study aimed to examine in vitro, and compare the activity of DC-159a against Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium with that of ciprofloxacin and nalidixic acid. Inhibitory effects of quinolones were assessed by the drug concentration needed to inhibit the supercoiling activity of recombinant DNA gyrases by 50% (IC 50 ). Dilution methods were used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of quinolones against two different strains, Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella Enteritidis. The IC 50 s of DC-159a against mutant DNA gyrases were much lower than those of nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin. In particular, the IC 50 of DC-159a against DNA gyrase with double mutation was less than 1/50 that of ciprofloxacin and nalidixic acid. MICs of DC-159a were higher than those of ciprofloxacin but lower than those of nalidixic acid. However, the estimated MICs of DC-159a against Salmonella strains with mutant DNA gyrase were lower than those of ciprofloxacin and nalidixic acid. Therefore, DC-159a can be suggested as an antibiotic candidate for treating salmonellosis caused by quinolone-resistant S. Typhimurium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-22
Number of pages9
JournalMicrobial Drug Resistance
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • antimicrobial resistance
  • fluoroquinolone
  • nontyphoidal Salmonella
  • Salmonella Typhimurium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology (medical)


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