Anticarcinogenic antioxidants as inhibitors against intracellular oxidative stress

Qing Feng, Takeshi Kumagai, Yasuyoshi Torii, Yoshimasa Nakamura, Toshihiko Osawa, Koji Uchida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Citations (Scopus)


Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of numerous diseases, including cancer. In the present study, the protective effect of natural anti-oxidants, such as quercetin and tea polyphenols, on intracellular oxidative stress was studied. Here we report a novel function of quercetin and tea polyphenols, as potential inhibitors of 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE)-induced intracellular oxidative stress and cytotoxicity. In rat liver epithelial RL34 cells, a potent electrophile HNE dramatically induced the productions of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which correlated well with the reduction in cell viability. We found that quercetin and tea polyphenols, such as epigallocatechin gallate and theaflavins and their gallate esters, significantly inhibited the HNE-induced ROS production and cytotoxicity. In addition, HNE induced a transient decrease in the mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨ), which was also retarded by the antioxidants. These data suggest that the antioxidants, such as quercetin and tea polyphenols, are inhibitors against mitochondrial ROS production. Abbreviations: EGCG, epigallocatechin gallate; HNE, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal; ROS, reactive oxygen species; DCFH-DA, 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescin diacetate; DiOC6(3), 3,3′-dihexyloxacarbocyanine iodide; GSH, glutathione; TPA, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779-788
Number of pages10
JournalFree Radical Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal
  • Antioxidant
  • Mitochondria
  • Oxidative stress
  • Quercetin
  • Tea polyphenols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry


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