Assessment of congestion and clinical outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure using shear wave elasticity

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Aims: The relief of congestion is essential for the prevention of worsening heart failure (HF) resulting in hospitalizations. Assessment of the degree of organ congestion in the chronic phase of HF is important for determining therapeutic strategies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of shear wave (SW) elasticity for assessing congestion and clinical outcomes in patients with chronic HF. Methods and results: We prospectively enrolled 345 consecutive patients with chronic HF who underwent SW elastography at outpatient clinic. Patients were divided into two groups according to the median value of SW elasticity: low group (SW elasticity <6.4 kPa, n = 176) and high group (SW elasticity ≥6.4 kPa, n = 169). The endpoint was cardiovascular death or hospitalization for HF. During the median follow-up period of 19 months (range: 7–36 months), cardiovascular death or hospitalization for HF occurred in 4 patients of low group and 27 patients of high group. In high group, 8 patients died, and 19 patients were hospitalized for HF. In low group, 3 patients died, and 1 patient was hospitalized. Kaplan–Meier analysis showed that the event-free survival rate was worse in high group than in low group (log-rank test, P = 0.004). After adjusting for variables, high SW elasticity was independently related to cardiac events. In multivariate regression analysis, SW elasticity was correlated with left atrial volume index, early diastolic mitral inflow velocity to mitral annular velocity ratio, and inferior vena cava diameter. Conclusions: The SW elasticity reflected haemodynamic congestion in patients with chronic HF, which was related to cardiac events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1279-1286
Number of pages8
JournalESC heart failure
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • Congestion
  • Heart failure
  • Prognosis
  • Shear wave elasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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