Assessment of head wear more than ten years after total hip arthroplasty: 22-mm zirconia vs. metal heads

Atsushi Inoue, Koji Asaumi, Hirosuke Endo, Kazuo Fujiwara, Shigeru Mitani, Toshifumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The present retrospective study assessed radiographs to determine socket wear in total hip arthroplasty (THA) with 22-mm zirconia or COP (Cobalt-Chrome alloy rich in Cobalt and Phosphorous) heads, and in cemented stems at more than 10 years after operation. Sockets of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene were used in each of two THA groups (13 hips each) in a clinical trial in our hospital between 1989 and 1990. Three observers carried out masked assessments of the radiographs. Upon final examination, there was no remarkable loosening in the zirconia or COP group, and no case had required revision surgery as of 2005. There was a statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in average annual linear wear, at 0.093 mm/year and 0.046 mm/year in the zirconia and COP groups, respectively. Volume wear and average annual volume wear were also significantly greater in the zirconia group despite its superior mechanical strength and toughness in vitro. Our present findings do not confirm early expectations of lower wear in long-term results of 22-mm zirconia femoral heads used in THA. Copyright

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-318
Number of pages8
JournalActa medica Okayama
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006


  • COP head
  • Polyethylene
  • Total hip arthroplasty
  • Wear
  • Zirconia head

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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