Assessment of Lamellar Macular Hole and Macular Pseudohole With a Combination of En Face and Radial B-scan Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging

Masayuki Hirano, Yuki Morizane, Shuhei Kimura, Mio Hosokawa, Yusuke Shiode, Shinichiro Doi, Shinji Toshima, Kosuke Takahashi, Mika Hosogi, Atsushi Fujiwara, Ippei Takasu, Toshio Okanouchi, Masaya Kawabata, Fumio Shiraga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To investigate lamellar macular hole (LMH) and macular pseudohole (MPH) using a combination of en face and radial B-scan OCT. Design: Retrospective observational case series. Methods: SETTING: Institutional study. PATIENT POPULATION: En face and radial B-scan OCT images of 63 eyes of 60 patients diagnosed with LMH or MPH based on an international classification were reviewed. OBSERVATION PROCEDURES: Cases were classified using en face images based on the presence/absence of epiretinal membrane (ERM), retinal folds, parafoveal epicenter of contractile ERM (PEC-ERM), and retinal cleavage. We compared the en face imaging–based classification system with the international classification system using radial B-scan images. We quantitatively evaluated visual function and macular morphology. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Characterization of multimodal OCT-based subtypes of LMH and MPH. Results: All cases showed ERM and were classified into 4 groups. In the first group, which lacked retinal folds and showed significantly lower visual acuity than the other groups, 81% of eyes had degenerative LMH. In the second group, which lacked PEC-ERM and retinal cleavage and showed significantly lower retinal fold depth, all eyes had MPH. The third group, in which 95% of eyes had symmetric tractional LMH, included eyes with retinal cleavage but without PEC-ERM, and this group showed higher circularity of the foveal aperture and cleavage area than the group with both these features, in which all eyes had asymmetric tractional LMH. Conclusions: Multimodal OCT enables classification of LMH and MPH based on pathologic conditions. Retinal traction in particular may be useful for determining treatment methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-40
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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