Introduction: Clinical studies of intra-articular injection of mesenchymal stem cells for osteoarthritis (OA) indicate its efficacy. Here, we retrospectively investigated the associations of pretherapeutic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings with the clinical outcomes up to 6 months, after intra-articular administration of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) to knee OA patients. Methods: We first analyzed alterations of the visual analog scale (VAS) and knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS) in 57 knees of 34 patients from whom clinical scores were obtained before ASC therapy, and at 1, 3, and 6 months. Among the patients, we further examined MRI findings of 34 knees of 19 patients whose pretherapeutic MRI data were available. Results: The mean improvement of VAS and KOOS-total during 6 months was 2.6 ± 4.0 (from 6.1 ± 2.5 to 3.5 ± 2.9, P < 0.001) and 10.2 ± 12.4 (from 54.4 ± 12.7 to 64.6 ± 13.8, P < 0.01), respectively. Scales related to pain and symptoms improved earlier than those related to activities of daily living (ADL) and sports/recreation. Improvement of VAS and KOOS-sports/recreation was significantly higher in patients with more severe cartilage lesions. Similarly, osteophyte lesions were associated significantly with improvement of VAS and KOOS-ADL, and BML was associated with KOOS-ADL and KOOS-sports/recreation. Conclusions: In intra-articular administration of autologous ASCs for knee OA, improvement of VAS and KOOS-sports/recreation was significantly higher in patients with more severe cartilage lesions. Similarly, osteophyte lesions were associated significantly with improvement of VAS and KOOS-ADL, and BML was associated with KOOS-ADL and KOOS-sports/recreation. Clinical studies with larger numbers of patients and various kinds of data are necessary to predict therapeutic effects.
- Adipose-derived stem cell
- Intra-articular administration
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Developmental Biology