Atypical structural snapshots of human cytomegalovirus GPCR interactions with host G proteins

Naotaka Tsutsumi, Shoji Maeda, Qianhui Qu, Martin Vögele, Kevin M. Jude, Carl Mikael Suomivuori, Ouliana Panova, Deepa Waghray, Hideaki E. Kato, Andrew Velasco, Ron O. Dror, Georgios Skiniotis, Brian K. Kobilka, K. Christopher Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) encodes G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) US28 and US27, which facilitate viral pathogenesis through engagement of host G proteins. Here we report cryo-electron microscopy structures of US28 and US27 forming nonproductive and productive complexes with Gi and Gq, respectively, exhibiting unusual features with functional implications. The “orphan” GPCR US27 lacks a ligand-binding pocket and has captured a guanosine diphosphate-bound inactive Gi through a tenuous interaction. The docking modes of CX3CL1-US28 and US27 to Gi favor localization to endosome-like curved membranes, where US28 and US27 can function as nonproductive Gi sinks to attenuate host chemokine-dependent Gi signaling. The CX3CL1-US28-Gq/11 complex likely represents a trapped intermediate during productive signaling, providing a view of a transition state in GPCR-G protein coupling for signaling. Our collective results shed new insight into unique G protein-mediated HCMV GPCR structural mechanisms, compared to mammalian GPCR counterparts, for subversion of host immunity.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereabl5442
JournalScience Advances
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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