We previously reported that anti-trinitrophenyl (TNP) antibody production in murine splenic B cells stimulated with TNP-lipopolysaccharide in vitro was promoted by sodium butyrate (NaBu) in an IL-2-dependent manner. In the present study, we found that the effect of NaBu plus IL-2 was markedly augmented by 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME), which showed a slight or null effect on the response of untreated, IL-2-treated or NaBu-treated B cells, as assessed by both anti-TNP plaque-forming cell assay and anti-TNP IgM ELISA. Other thiol compounds such as dithiothreitol, cysteamine and reduced glutathione (GSH) also had this activity. 2-ME enhanced the anti-TNP antibody production induced by other short-chain fatty acids with three to five carbon atoms plus IL-2. The proliferation of B cells was significantly inhibited by NaBu or NaBu plus IL-2, and the proliferation was completely restored by the simultaneous addition of 2-ME. These results demonstrate that 2-ME markedly enhanced anti-TNP antibody production in murine B cells induced by NaBu plus IL-2 and suggest that the effect of 2-ME is at least partly due to its blocking activity of the growth-inhibitory action of NaBu.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy