Biglycan potentially regulates angiogenesis during fracture repair by altering expression and function of endostatin

Maja Myren, David J. Kirby, Megan L. Noonan, Azusa Maeda, Rick T. Owens, Sylvie Ricard-Blum, Vardit Kram, Tina M. Kilts, Marian F. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


The small proteoglycan biglycan (Bgn) is highly expressed in the organic matrix of bone and plays a role in bone formation. Previous work implicated Bgn in vessel growth during bone healing [1]. By infusing barium sulfate (BaSO4) into WT and Bgn-deficient mice we discovered the positive effect of Bgn in modulating angiogenesis during fracture healing. Using micro-computed tomography angiography we found significant differences in the vessel size and volume among other parameters. To further understand the mechanistic basis for this, we explored the relationship between Bgn and the anti-angiogenic protein endostatin. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) showed co-localization of Bgn and endostatin in regions of bone formation, with increased endostatin staining in Bgn-KO compared to WT at 14 days post-fracture. To further elucidate the relationship between Bgn and endostatin, an endothelial cell tube formation assay was used. This study showed that endothelial cells treated with endostatin had significantly decreased vessel length and vessel branches compared to untreated cells, while cells treated with endostatin and Bgn at a 1:1 M ratio had vessel length and vessel branches comparable to untreated cells. This indicated that Bgn was able to mitigate the inhibitory effect of endostatin on endothelial cell growth. In summary, these results suggest that Bgn is needed for proper blood vessel formation during fracture healing, and one mechanism by which Bgn impacts angiogenesis is through inhibition of endostatin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-150
Number of pages10
JournalMatrix Biology
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Angiogenesis
  • Biglycan
  • Endostatin
  • Fracture healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology


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