Biphasic kinetics of imipramine N-oxidation in rat brain microsomes

Shizuo Narimatsu, Shigeo Yamamoto, Tomomi Koitabashi, Rika Kato, Yasuhiro Masubuchi, Tokuji Suzuki, Toshiharu Horie

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Imipramine (IMI) N-oxidase activity in brain microsomes from rats of both sexes was determined by high performance liquid chromatography, and compared with the results in rat liver microsomes. Brain and liver microsomal IMI N-oxidation was sensitive to thermal inactivation and had an optimal pH at around 9.0. IMI N-oxidase activity (15.54 pmol/min/mg protein) in brain microsomes was about one-hundredth that of liver microsomes (2.08 nmol/min/mg protein) at a substrate concentration of 5 mM. IMI N-oxidase activities in both brain and liver microsomes displayed biphasic kinetics that associated a low K(m)-low V(max) element with a high K(m)-high V(max) component. Furthermore, a significant sex difference was observed in V(max) values (male>female) in both phases, but K(m) values were similar between male and female rats, resulting in a significant sex difference (male>female) in intrinsic clearance values (V(max)/K(m)) of the low-K(m) and the high-K(m) phases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-256
Number of pages4
JournalBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1999


  • Biphasic kinetics
  • Flavin-containing monooxygenase
  • Imipramine N-oxide
  • Rat brain microsomes
  • Rat liver microsomes
  • Sex difference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science


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