Bone-derived IGF mediates crosstalk between bone and breast cancer cells in bony metastases

Toru Hiraga, Akira Myoui, Nobuyuki Hashimoto, Akira Sasaki, Kenji Hata, Yoshihiro Morita, Hideki Yoshikawa, Clifford J. Rosen, Gregory R. Mundy, Toshiyuki Yoneda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)


The continuous release of bone-stored growth factors after bone resorption promotes the colonization of circulating cancer cells. However, the precise role of each of the various growth factors remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of bone-derived insulin-like growth factor (IGF) in the development of bone metastases in an animal model of breast cancer. We found that local stimulation of calvarial bone resorption before cell inoculation stimulated subsequent bone metastases to that site in vivo, although inhibition of bone resorption inhibited bone metastases. Anchorage-independent growth of cancer cells was stimulated by the culture supernatants from resorbed bones, which contained elevated levels of IGF-I. This stimulation was blocked by IGF type I receptor (IGF-IR) neutralizing antibody, but not antibody targeting other bone-stored growth factors including TGF-β, fibroblast growth factors, and platelet-derived growth factors. Although recombinant human IGF-I caused IGF-IR tyrosine autophosphorylation, followed by activation of Akt and NF-κB in cancer cells, dominant-negative inhibition of IGF-IR, Akt, or NF-κB significantly reduced bone metastases with increased apoptosis and decreased mitosis in metastatic cells. Together, our findings suggest that bone-derived IGF-I bridges the crosstalk between bone and metastasized cancer cells via activation of the IGF-IR/Akt/NF-κB pathway. Disruption of this pathway therefore may represent a promising therapeutic intervention for bone metastasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4238-4249
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Research
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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