Bone microarchitectural analysis using ultra-high-resolution CT in tiger vertebra and human tibia

Ryota Inai, Ryuichi Nakahara, Yusuke Morimitsu, Noriaki Akagi, Youhei Marukawa, Toshi Matsushita, Takashi Tanaka, Akihiro Tada, Takao Hiraki, Yoshihisa Nasu, Keiichiro Nishida, Toshifumi Ozaki, Susumu Kanazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Background: To reveal trends in bone microarchitectural parameters with increasing spatial resolution on ultra-high-resolution computed tomography (UHRCT) in vivo and to compare its performance with that of conventional-resolution CT (CRCT) and micro-CT ex vivo. Methods: We retrospectively assessed 5 tiger vertebrae ex vivo and 16 human tibiae in vivo. Seven-pattern and four-pattern resolution imaging were performed on tiger vertebra using CRCT, UHRCT, and micro-CT, and on human tibiae using UHRCT. We measured six microarchitectural parameters: volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), trabecular bone volume fraction (bone volume/total volume, BV/TV), trabecular thickness (Tb.Th), trabecular number (Tb.N), trabecular separation (Tb.Sp), and connectivity density (ConnD). Comparisons between different imaging resolutions were performed using Tukey or Dunnett T3 test. Results: The vBMD, BV/TV, Tb.N, and ConnD parameters showed an increasing trend, while Tb.Sp showed a decreasing trend both ex vivo and in vivo. Ex vivo, UHRCT at the two highest resolutions (1024- and 2048-matrix imaging with 0.25-mm slice thickness) and CRCT showed significant differences (p ≤ 0.047) in vBMD (51.4 mg/cm3 and 63.5 mg/cm3versus 20.8 mg/cm3), BV/TV (26.5% and 29.5% versus 13.8 %), Tb.N (1.3 l/mm and 1.48 l/mm versus 0.47 l/mm), and ConnD (0.52 l/mm3 and 0.74 l/mm3versus 0.02 l/mm3, respectively). In vivo, the 512- and 1024-matrix imaging with 0.25-mm slice thickness showed significant differences in Tb.N (0.38 l/mm versus 0.67 l/mm, respectively) and ConnD (0.06 l/mm3versus 0.22 l/mm3, respectively). Conclusions: We observed characteristic trends in microarchitectural parameters and demonstrated the potential utility of applying UHRCT for microarchitectural analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
JournalEuropean Radiology Experimental
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020


  • Bone density
  • Osteoporosis
  • Tomography (x-ray computed)
  • X-ray microtomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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