Cepharanthin reduces thermotolerance by enhancing thermosensitivity in NIH3T3 cells.

M. Kuroda, S. Kawasaki, Y. Hiraki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The effects of cepharanthin (Ce), glycyrrhizin (G), verapamil (V), and G plus V on induced thermotolerance in NIH3T3 cells were studied. Cells were heated with or without the drug at 45 degrees C for 20 min (the first heating), incubated at 37 degrees C for 12h (the incubation period), and heated again at 45 degrees C for 0-210 min (the second heating). G and V were added throughout the experiment, while Ce was added throughout the experiment or during only the first or second heating, or the incubation period. The cells were harvested after the second heating to evaluate cell survival. In control experiments without any drug, thermotolerance developed and reached the highest peak in the cells incubated for 12h at 37 degrees C. However, thermotolerance in the control cells was suppressed by incubating them at 0 degree C, but developed by subsequent incubation at 37 degrees C. This suggests that the acquisition of thermotolerance by the cells required metabolic processes during the incubation at 37 degrees C. When each drug was present throughout the experiment, only Ce or the combined use of G and V was effective in reducing thermotolerance. Thermotolerance was also suppressed in the presence of Ce during the second heating. These results indicate that Ce reduces thermotolerance by enhancing thermosensitivity rather than by inhibiting the development of thermotolerance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-155
Number of pages9
JournalActa medica Okayama
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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