Characterization of NDM-5 Carbapenemase-Encoding Gene (blaNDM-5) – Positive Multidrug Resistant Commensal Escherichia coli from Diarrheal Patients

Goutam Chowdhury, Thandavarayan Ramamurthy, Bhabatosh Das, Debjani Ghosh, Keinosuke Okamoto, Shin Ichi Miyoshi, Shanta Dutta, Asish K. Mukhopadhyay

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The multidrug resistance Enterobacteriaceae cause many serious infections resulting in prolonged hospitalization, increased treatment charges and mortality rate. In this study, we characterized blaNDM-5-positive multidrug resistance commensal Escherichia coli (CE) isolated from diarrheal patients in Kolkata, India. Methods: Three CE strains were isolated from diarrheal stools, which were negative for different pathogroups of diarrheagenic E. coli (DEC). The presence of carbapenemases encoding genes and other antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) was detected using PCR. The genetic arrangement adjoining blaNDM-5 was investigated by plasmid genome sequencing. The genetic relatedness of the strains was determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) methods. Results: In addition to colistin, the blaNDM-5-positive CE strains showed resistance to most of the antibiotics. Higher MICs were detected for ciprofloxacin (>32 mg/L) and imipenem (8 mg/L). Molecular typing revealed that three CE strains belonged to two different STs (ST 101 and ST 648) but they were 95% similar in the PFGE analysis. Screening for ARGs revealed that CE strains harbored Int-1, blaTEM, blaCTX-M3, blaOXA-1, blaOXA-7, blaOXA-9, tetA, strA, aadA1, aadB, sul2, floR, mph(A), and aac(6´)-Ib-cr. In conjugation experiment, transfer frequencies ranged from 2.5×10−3 to 8.4x10−5. The blaNDM-5 gene was located on a 94-kb pNDM-TC-CE-89 type plasmid, which is highly similar to the IncFII plasmid harboring an IS26-IS30-blaNDM-5-bleMBL-trpF-dsbd-IS91-dhps structure. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on carbapenem resistance involving the blaNDM-5 gene in CE from diarrheal patients. The circulation of blaNDM-5 gene in CE is worrisome, since it has the potential to transfer blaNDM-5 gene to other enteric pathogens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3631-3642
Number of pages12
JournalInfection and Drug Resistance
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • antimicrobial resistance
  • carbapenem-resistance
  • commensal E. coli
  • plasmid; bla

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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