Characterization of products obtained from pyrolysis and steam gasification of wood waste, RDF, and RPF

In Hee Hwang, Jun Kobayashi, Katsuya Kawamoto

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95 Citations (Scopus)


Pyrolysis and steam gasification of woody biomass chip (WBC) obtained from construction and demolition wastes, refuse-derived fuel (RDF), and refuse paper and plastic fuel (RPF) were performed at various temperatures using a lab-scale instrument. The gas, liquid, and solid products were examined to determine their generation amounts, properties, and the carbon balance between raw material and products.The amount of product gas and its hydrogen concentration showed a considerable difference depending on pyrolysis and steam gasification at higher temperature. The reaction of steam and solid product, char, contributed to an increase in gas amount and hydrogen concentration. The amount of liquid products generated greatly depended on temperature rather than pyrolysis or steam gasification. The compositions of liquid product varied relying on raw materials used at 500. °C but the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons became the major compounds at 900. °C irrespective of the raw materials used. Almost fixed carbon (FC) of raw materials remained as solid products under pyrolysis condition whereas FC started to decompose at 700. °C under steam gasification condition.For WBC, both char utilization by pyrolysis at low temperature (500. °C) and syngas recovery by steam gasification at higher temperature (900. °C) might be practical options. From the results of carbon balance of RDF and RPF, it was confirmed that the carbon conversion to liquid products conspicuously increased as the amount of plastic increased in the raw material. To recover feedstock from RPF, pyrolysis for oil recovery at low temperature (500. °C) might be one of viable options. Steam gasification at 900. °C could be an option but the method of tar reforming (e.g. catalyst utilization) should be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-410
Number of pages9
JournalWaste Management
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Gasification
  • Pyrolysis
  • RDF
  • RPF
  • Wood waste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal


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