Cleavage of nucleolin and argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region associated proteins in apoptosis-induced cells

Shinji Kito, Katsuhide Shimizu, Hirohiko Okamura, Kaya Yoshida, Hiroyuki Morimoto, Michi Fujita, Yasuhiro Morimoto, Takeshi Ohba, Tatsuji Haneji

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30 Citations (Scopus)


To investigate the behavior of nuclear proteins in apoptotic cells, we examined the changes in nucleolin and proteins of the nucleolar organizing region during apoptosis in human osteoblastic cell lines, Saos-2 and MG63. Apoptosis was induced by treatment of these cells with okadaic acid. Proteins prepared from apoptotic cells were subjected to Western blot analysis and a modified Western blot method using silver nitrate. The anti-nucleolin antibody recognized the 110-kDa band and the staining intensity of this band decreased in the proteins prepared from the okadaic acid-treated apoptotic cells. The additional band of an 80-kDa was also detected in the proteins prepared from the apoptotic cells. Two major silver nitrate-stained bands, 110-kDa and 37-kDa, were detected among the proteins obtained from control cells. Like the Western blot analysis, the intensity of the 110-kDa silver nitrate-staining band decreased; an 80-kDa band appeared and its staining intensity increased in the lysate from the okadaic acid-treated cells. The signal intensity of the 37-kDa protein did not change in the sample from the apoptotic cells. In a cell-free apoptotic system, the 80-kDa protein was also detected and the amount of the 110-kDa protein decreased in the extract of Saos-2 cell nuclei incubated with apoptotic cytosol. The change in nucleolin in Saos-2 cells induced to undergo apoptosis was examined by an immunocytochemical procedure using the anti-nucleolin antibody and Hoechst 33342. Nucleolin was visible as dots in nucleoli in the control cells; however, it was not detected in the cells undergoing apoptosis. The dual-exposure view of Hoechst 33342 and anti-nucleolin staining cells confirmed that nucleolin had disappeared from the apoptotic nuclei of Saos-2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)950-956
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 24 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • AgNOR
  • Apoptosis
  • MG63 cells
  • Nucleolin
  • Okadaic acid
  • Saos-2 cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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