Clinical study of influential factors on renal scarring after ESWL monotherapy for renal stone disease

Noritaka Ishito, Hitoshi Takamoto, Kimito Kunitomi, Eiichi Satoh, Ayano Ishii, Youichi Shiotuka, Shinichi Sako, Naoki Ohta, Tohru Araki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


(Objective) ESWL is now widely used for the treatment of renal stone disease. Although ESWL has many advantages for patients' quality of life, few reports have demonstrated the long-term outcomes of the alterations of renal morphology after ESWL. We reported renal scarring after ESWL monotherapy in patients with renal calyceal stones. In this study, we evaluated a large series of patients' cohort treated at our institution, and assessed the causal effect of ESWL on the late occurrence of renal scar formation. (Patients and methods) ESWL was performed with EDAP (LT-01,02) that generates shock wave energy by piezoelectric discharge. We analyzed the records of 285 kidneys treated between Dec. 1986 and Nov. 1998. Renal scarring was noted in 44 kidneys and not in 241 kidneys with periodical ultrasonography. We compared the backgrounds of the two groups using chi-square or non-parametric analysis. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression model determined the analysis of renal scar formation. (Results) Univariate and multiple regression analysis revealed that the total amount of ESWL emission and hyperuricemia independently affected the probability of renal scar formation. (Conclusions) Over-emission of ESWL (over 10000 shots) must be care for the prevention of renal scarring in patients with renal calyceal calculi, especially when associated with hyperuricemia. After ESWL, periodical checkups with ultrasonography will provide useful information for the clinical diagnosis of renal scarring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)750-757
Number of pages8
JournalJapanese Journal of Urology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • ESWL monotherapy
  • Hyperuricemia
  • Renal scarring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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