Clinical utility of urinary levels of catecholamines and their fraction ratios related to heart rate and thyroid function

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Urinary catecholamines (CAs) have been examined for the screening of pheochromocytomas. The decision to perform screening is based on symptoms suggesting secondary hypertension or hyperactivities of the sympathetic nervous system. To elucidate the usefulness of urinary fractions and ratios of CAs, 79 patients in whom 24-h excretions of urinary CAs including adrenaline (AD), noradrenaline (NA) and dopamine (DA) had been examined from 2015 until 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were no significant differences in urinary CA levels between two age groups, gender groups and two BMI groups. Patients with histories of preexisting hypertension and diabetes showed significantly higher levels of urinary NA excretion, and the urinary ratio of NA/DA was also increased in the patients with a history of hypertension. Heart rate (HR) was significantly correlated with the urinary ratio of NA/DA. Serum free thyroxine (FT4) concentration and ratio of FT4/thyrotropin (TSH) were correlated with the level of urinary AD. The levels of TSH and FT4/TSH showed negative and positive correlations, respectively, with the urinary NA/DA ratio. Thus, increases of HR are related to the enhanced conversion of DA to NA and increased thyroid hormones are involved in the increase in urinary AD and the conversion of DA to NA. History of lifestyle-related diseases and changes of HR and thyroid functions need to be considered for the evaluation of urinary CAs and their ratios.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-425
Number of pages9
JournalEndocrine journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Adrenaline
  • Catecholamine
  • Hypertension
  • Noradrenaline
  • Thyroid function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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