Combined effects of hydrogen sulfide and lipopolysaccharide on osteoclast differentiation in rats

Koichiro Irie, Daisuke Ekuni, Takaaki Tomofuji, Yasumasa Endo, Kenta Kasuyama, Ken Yaegaki, Manabu Morita

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulates osteoclast differentiation through toll-like receptors (TLRs) 2 and 4, and hydrogen sulfide (H 2S) induces osteoclast differentiation. If H2S activates TLRs, H2S may enhance the effects of LPS on osteoclast differentiation. The purpose of the present study is to examine the combined effects of sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS, an H2S donor drug) and LPS on osteoclast differentiation and TLR expression in rat periodontal tissue. Methods: Twenty-eight male Wistar rats (8 weeks old) were divided into four groups (n = 7 per group): a control (no treatment) group and three experimental groups (NaHS group, LPS group, and a combination [NaHS + LPS] group). At 1 day after topical application of NaHS and/or Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS into the gingival sulcus of first molars, the number of tartrate-resistant acid phosphate (TRAP)-positive osteoclasts in the periodontal tissue was counted. Expression of TLR2 and TLR4 mRNAs and proteins in the gingival was also assessed. Results: The number of TRAP-positive osteoclasts was significantly higher in the combination group than in any other group (P <0.01). The combination group had 11.0-fold higher TLR4 mRNA levels than the control group. TLR4 protein levels were also higher in the combination group than in the NaHS or LPS group. However, the TLR2 mRNA and protein levels were not significantly different in the combination group and the LPS group. Conclusion: In rat periodontal tissue, NaHS and LPS had an additive effect on osteoclast differentiation through activation of the TLR4 pathway but not the TLR2 pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)522-527
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of periodontology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012


  • Hydrogen sulfide
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Osteoclasts
  • Rats
  • Toll-like receptor 2
  • Toll-like receptor 4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics


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