Combined use of sugars and nutrients derived from young maize plants for thermophilic l-lactic acid fermentation

S. Akao, H. Nagare, M. Maeda, K. Kondo, T. Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Fermentation of lignocellulosic biomass requires auxiliary materials such as nutrients for fermentation. Because of the low prices of fermentation products such as bioethanol, the costs of nutrients are not negligible. We have developed the concept of using substances natively present in lignocellulosic biomass as nutrients for the downstream fermentation. The leaves and stalks of young dent corn plants were used as biomass and the nutrients were recovered by soaking them in water before alkaline pretreatment, followed by enzymatic saccharification and fermentation. Performing thermophilic l-lactic acid fermentation using these recovered nutrients support their use as commercially feasible alternatives. A level of recovered nutrients of 40% was sufficient to support the fermentation of recovered sugars derived from the same corn biomass. However, the amount of recovered nutrients required for fermentation was almost double that when using yeast extract based on the amounts of nitrogen and/or phosphorus added. The nitrogen and phosphorus balances in the process indicated that adding nutrients was crucial for promoting fermentation based on the amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus. The nutrients proposed were considered to be effective for fermenting biomass pretreated by alkaline, dilute acid, and hydrothermal methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-446
Number of pages7
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2015


  • Alkaline pretreatment
  • Bacillus coagulans
  • Catch crop
  • Corn stover
  • Enzymatic saccharification
  • Nutrient supplementation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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