Comparison of Bilateral and Trisegment Drainage in Patients with High-Grade Hilar Malignant Biliary Obstruction: A Multicenter Retrospective Study

Kazuyuki Matsumoto, Hironari Kato, Kosaku Morimoto, Kazuya Miyamoto, Yosuke Saragai, Hirofumi Kawamoto, Hiroyuki Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: Bilateral endoscopic drainage with self-expanding metallic stent (SEMS) can be used to effectively manage hilar malignant biliary obstruction. However, the benefits of using a trisegment drainage method remain unknown. Methods: This study retrospectively reviewed the data of 125 patients with Bismuth type IIIa or IV unresectable malignant strictures who underwent bilateral endoscopic drainage using SEMSs at four tertiary centers. The patients were divided into the bilateral and trisegment drainage groups for comparison. The primary endpoint was stent patency and the secondary endpoints were technical success, technical and clinical success of reintervention, and overall survival. Results: The technical success rates of the bilateral and trisegment drainage groups were 95% (34/36) and 90% (80/89) (p=0.41), respectively, with median stent patency durations of 226 and 170 days (p=0.26), respectively. Although the technical success of reintervention was not significantly different between the two groups (p=0.51), the clinical success rate of reintrvention was significantly higher in the trisegment drainage group (73% [11/15] vs 96% [47/49], p=0.009). The median survival times were 324 and 323 days in the bilateral and trisegment drainage groups, respectively (p=0.72). Multivariate Cox hazards model revealed no stent patency-associated factor; however, chemotherapy was associated with longer survival. Conclusions: Although no significant difference was noted with respect to stent patency, significantly higher clinical success rates were achieved with reintervention using the trisegment drainage method than using the bilateral drainage method alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-178
Number of pages9
JournalGut and liver
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2023

Keywords

  • Bilateral drainage
  • Bile duct obstruction
  • Endoscopic biliary drainage
  • Neoplasms
  • Self-expandable metallic stents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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