Purpose: In anesthetic management, it is widely accepted that obese patients are more likely to suffer airway obstructions and reductions in arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2). Therefore, it is important to take special measures to prevent oxygen desaturation during the deep sedation of obese patients. This clinical study examined whether the use of nasal high-flow systems (NHFS) keep higher SpO2 and reduced hypoxemia than conventional nasal cannula during the deep sedation of obese patients with intellectual disabilities for dental treatment. Materials and Methods: Eighteen obese patients (body mass index: >25) with intellectual disabilities who underwent dental sedation were enrolled. In each case, sedation was induced using propofol and maintained at a bispectral index of 50 to 70. The subjects were randomly assigned to the control oxygen administration (5 L/min via a nasal cannula) or NHFS (40% O2, 40 L/min, 37 °C) arm in alternate shifts as a crossover trial. The primary endpoint was the minimum SpO2 value, and the incidence of hypoxemia during dental treatment was also evaluated. Results: The mean minimum SpO2 value was significantly higher in the NHFS arm than in the control arm (95.8 ± 2.1 % vs 93.6 ± 4.1 %, P = 0.0052, 95% confidence interval: 0.608-3.947). Hypoxemic episodes (SpO2: ≤94%) occurred 3 cases (16.7%) in the NHFS arm and 11 cases (61.1%) in the control arm (P = 0.0076, odds ratio: 0.127, 95% confidence interval 0.0324 - 0.630). Conclusion: NHFS resulted in higher minimum SpO2 and reduced hypoxemia than nasal cannula in obese patients during deep sedation for dental treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery