Contribution of Phase Resetting to Statistical Persistence in Stride Intervals: A Modeling Study

Kota Okamoto, Ippei Obayashi, Hiroshi Kokubu, Kei Senda, Kazuo Tsuchiya, Shinya Aoi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Stride intervals in human walking fluctuate from one stride to the next, exhibiting statistical persistence. This statistical property is changed by aging, neural disorders, and experimental interventions. It has been hypothesized that the central nervous system is responsible for the statistical persistence. Human walking is a complex phenomenon generated through the dynamic interactions between the central nervous system and the biomechanical system. It has also been hypothesized that the statistical persistence emerges through the dynamic interactions during walking. In particular, a previous study integrated a biomechanical model composed of seven rigid links with a central pattern generator (CPG) model, which incorporated a phase resetting mechanism as sensory feedback as well as feedforward, trajectory tracking, and intermittent feedback controllers, and suggested that phase resetting contributes to the statistical persistence in stride intervals. However, the essential mechanisms remain largely unclear due to the complexity of the neuromechanical model. In this study, we reproduced the statistical persistence in stride intervals using a simplified neuromechanical model composed of a simple compass-type biomechanical model and a simple CPG model that incorporates only phase resetting and a feedforward controller. A lack of phase resetting induced a loss of statistical persistence, as observed for aging, neural disorders, and experimental interventions. These mechanisms were clarified based on the phase response characteristics of our model. These findings provide useful insight into the mechanisms responsible for the statistical persistence of stride intervals in human walking.

Original languageEnglish
Article number836121
JournalFrontiers in Neural Circuits
Publication statusPublished - Jun 22 2022


  • central pattern generator
  • human walking
  • neuromechanical model
  • phase resetting
  • statistical persistence
  • stride interval fluctuation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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