Coordination Structure Conversion of Hydrazone-Palladium(II) Complexes in the Solid State and in Solution

Fumi Kitamura, Kana Sawaguchi, Asami Mori, Shoji Takagi, Takayoshi Suzuki, Atsushi Kobayashi, Masako Kato, Kiyohiko Nakajima

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23 Citations (Scopus)


We prepared hydrazone-palladium(II) complexes of [PdCl2(HLn)] and [PdCl(Ln)] (n = 1-3) by the reaction of [PdCl2(cod)] or [PdCl2(PhCN)2] and the hydrazone ligands of HLn {N′-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene)picolinohydrazide (HL1), N′-[1-(pyridin-2-yl)ethylidene]picolinohydrazide (HL2), and N′-[(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)methylene]picolinohydrazide (HL3)}. The structures of the complexes were determined by X-ray analysis. The hydrazone ligands had κN(py1),κN(imine) and κN(amidate),κN(py2) bidentate coordination modes in [PdCl2(HLn)] (1, n = 1; 2, n = 2) and in [PdCl2(HL3)] (3), respectively. In contrast, tridentate coordination modes of κN(py1),κN(imine),κN(py2) and κN(py1),κN(amidate),κN(py2) were observed in [PdCl(Ln)] (4, n = 1; 5, n = 2) and in [PdCl(Ln)] (6, n = 1; 7, n = 2; 8, n = 3). Thermal conversion of complexes 1-3 to complexes 6-8 proceeded in acetonitrile. Complexes 4 and 5 were obtained from complexes 1 and 2, respectively, in a basic acetonitrile solution under dark conditions. Complex 4 reverted immediately to complex 1 in an acidic acetonitrile solution that included hydrochloric acid. However, under room light, in the basic acetonitrile solution that included trimethylamine, complex 4 converted photochemically to complex 6. The thermochromic or vapochromic structure conversion of these complexes also occurred in the solid state. On heating at 180 °C, the color of the crystals of complexes 1, 2, and 3 changed from yellow to orange in the solid state. 1H NMR and/or UV-vis absorption spectroscopy confirmed that the orange complexes 6-8 were produced. The reddish-orange crystals of complexes 4 and 5 were exposed to hydrogen chloride vapor to yield the yellow products of complexes 1 and 2, respectively. (Chemical Equation Presented).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8436-8448
Number of pages13
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - Sept 8 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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