Correlation between depth perception by three-rods test and stereoacuity by distance randot stereotest

Toshihiko Matsuo, Ryo Negayama, Hiroyuki Sakata, Kayoko Hasebe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The examination of depth perception with three-rods test, in addition to visual acuity testing, is required to obtain motor vehicle license to drive taxies and trucks, according to the Road Traffic Act in Japan. The aim of this study was to examine whether the results of the three-rods test would correlate with the results of static stereopsis tests, used in ophthalmic practice. Methods: This study involved 54 normal subjects, 9 women and 45 men, with ages ranging from 18 to 25 (mean, 20.8) years. All had visual acuity of 0.8 or better with or without glasses or contact lenses correction and had no strabismus at the distant (5m) or near (0.3m) fixation. TNO Stereotest and Titmus Stereotest were examined at 40cm while Distance Randot Stereotest was at 3m. At three-rods test, a central rod was moved at the speed of 50mm/sec forward and backward automatically against two laterally located fixed rods, placed inside the illuminated box. An examinee at the distance of 2.5m observed the rods inside the box from a small viewing window and pushed a button to stop the central rod in alignment with the fixed rods. Erred distance (mm) of the central rod from the fixed rods as a mean of 4 measurements was correlated with stereoacuity in second of arc, measured by three kinds of the stereopsis tests. Results: The erred distance of three-rods test was positively correlated with static stereoacuity at distance measured with Distance Randot Stereotest (ρ=0.418, p=0.0023, Spearman rank correlation test) and also with the other stereopsis tests at near fixation. The stereoacuity at near fixation, measured by TNO Stereotest and Titmus Stereotest, was positively correlated with each other (ρ=0.431, p=0.0017). Conclusion: Three-rods test, examining depth perception, together with the response by eye-hand coordination, gave consistent results with distant static stereoacuity when measured with Distance Randot Stereotest.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-137
Number of pages5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2014


  • Depth perception
  • Distance randot stereotest
  • Drivers' license
  • Stereoacuity
  • TNO stereotest
  • Three-rods test
  • Titmus stereotest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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