Cosmetic approach for correction of simple congenital heart defects in female patients

Takashi Murakami, Masahiko Kuinose, Zen Ichi Masuda, Eishun Shishido, Kazuo Tanemoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Much more concern is recently paid to the cosmetics when simple congenital heart defect is repaired. Here we present the reversed U-shaped skin incision with lower partial sternotomy for juvenile or adult female patients. Methods: Four patients with atrial septal defect (ASD) and one patient with ventricular septal defect underwent the operation with this method. Patients' ages ranged from 5 to 46 years old. Results: Postoperative recovery in all cases was uneventful. Only the middle portion of the operative scar was visible when the breast was well developed. The scar was completely covered by the brassiere. A numbness of the upper medial portion of the left breast was recognized in one initial patient, who underwent ASD closure and concomitant right-side Maze procedure, necessitating a wider dissection than that used for other patients. Conclusion: A reversed U-shaped skin incision with a lower sternotomy could provide relatively comfortable operative fields for cardiac surgeons, and be cosmetically appealing to female patients who require a repair of simple congenital heart defect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-459
Number of pages4
JournalJapanese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004


  • Congenital heart defect
  • Cosmetic incision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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