CO2 flux measurements over the sea surface by eddy correlation and aerodynamic techniques

Toru Iwata, Keiko Yoshikawa, Katsutoshi Nishimura, Yoshihisa Higuchi, Takao Yamashita, Shigeru Kato, Eiji Ohtaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The measurements of the vertical transport of CO2 were carried out over the Sea of Japan using the specially designed pier of Kyoto University on September 20 to 22, 2000. CO2 fluxes were measured by the eddy correlation and aerodynamic techniques. Both techniques showed comparable CO2 fluxes during sea breeze conditions: -0.001 to -0.08 mg m-2s-1 with the mean of -0.05 mg m-2s-1. This means that the measuring site satisfies the fetch requirement for meteorological observations under sea breeze conditions. Moreover, the eddy diffusivity coefficient used in the aerodynamic technique is found to be consistent with the coefficient used in the eddy correlation technique. The present result leads us to conclude that the aerodynamic technique may be applicable to underway CO2 flux measurements over the ocean and may be used in place of the bulk technique. The important point is the need to maintain a measuring accuracy of CO2 concentration difference of the order of 0.1 ppmv on the research vessels or the buoys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)995-1000
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Oceanography
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004


  • Aerodynamic technique
  • Air-sea interaction
  • CO flux
  • Eddy correlation technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography


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