Crystal structure of human V-1 in the apo form

Shuichi Takeda, Ryotaro Koike, Takayuki Nagae, Ikuko Fujiwara, Akihiro Narita, Yuichiro Maéda, Motonori Ota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


V-1, also known as myotrophin, is a 13 kDa ankyrin-repeat protein that binds and inhibits the heterodimeric actin capping protein (CP), which is a key regulator of cytoskeletal actin dynamics. The crystal structure of V-1 in complex with CP revealed that V-1 recognizes CP via residues spanning several ankyrin repeats. Here, the crystal structure of human V-1 is reported in the absence of the specific ligand at 2.3 Å resolution. In the asymmetric unit, the crystal contains two V-1 monomers that exhibit nearly identical structures (Cαr.m.s.d. of 0.47 Å). The overall structures of the two apo V-1 chains are also highly similar to that of CP-bound V-1 (Cαr.m.s.d.s of <0.50 Å), indicating that CP does not induce a large conformational change in V-1. Detailed structural comparisons using the computational program All Atom Motion Tree revealed that CP binding can be accomplished by minor side-chain rearrangements of several residues. These findings are consistent with the known biological role of V-1, in which it globally inhibits CP in the cytoplasm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-21
Number of pages9
JournalActa Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology Communications
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Actin capping protein
  • All Atom Motion Tree
  • Ankyrin-repeat proteins
  • Crystal structure
  • Myotrophin
  • V-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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