Crystallization characteristics of cast aluminum alloys during a unidirectional solidification process

Mitsuhiro Okayasu, Shuhei Takeuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The crystal orientation characteristics of cast Al-Si, Al-Cu and Al-Mg alloys produced by a unidirectional solidification process are examined. Two distinct crystal orientation patterns are observed: uniform and random formation. A uniform crystal orientation is created by columnar growth of α-Al dendrites in the alloys with low proportions of alloying element, e.g., the Al-Si alloy (with Si <12.6%) and the Al-Cu and Al-Mg alloys (with Cu and Mg <2%). A uniformly organized crystal orientation with [100] direction is created by columnar growth of α-Al dendrites. With increasing proportion of alloying element (>2% Cu or Mg), the uniform crystal orientations collapse in the Al-Cu and Al-Mg alloys, owing to interruption of the columnar α-Al dendrite growth as a result of different dynamics of the alloying atoms and the creation of a core for the eutectic phases. For the hypo-eutectic Al-Si alloys, a uniform crystal orientation is obtained. In contrast, a random orientation can be detected in the hyper-eutectic Al-Si alloy (15% Si), which results from interruption of the growth of the α-Al dendrites due to precipitation of primary Si particles. There is no clear effect of crystal formation on ultimate tensile strength (UTS), whereas crystal orientation does influence the material ductility, with the alloys with a uniform crystal orientation being elongated beyond their UTS points and with necking occurring in the test specimens. In contrast, the alloys with a nonuniform crystal orientation are not elongated beyond their UTS points.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-120
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Aluminum alloy
  • Lattice
  • Microstructure
  • Tensile property
  • Texture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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