Deformability of several granitic rocks and gabbros in uniaxial tension

Weiren Lin, Manabu Takahashi, Yukiyasu Fujii, Satoshi Nishiyama, Lakato Takemura

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5 Citations (Scopus)


In order to understand and model relations between microstructure of rocks and their physical properties, uniaxial tension tests were conducted on specimens of nine granitic rocks included a granite, four granodiorites and four tonalities, and two gabbros which were taken from eastern Japan. The axial and transversal deformability of these rocks was determined based on strain measurements using wire strain gauges. The experimental test results revealed that deformational properties of the rocks investigated varied depending on their photrographic features. However, the axial strain and the lateral strain characteristics showed a similar trend for all the rocks, i.e. the stressstrain curves were non-linear throughout the whole stress range from the initial point of loading to the point of ultimate failure. Moreover, the tangent Young's modulus and the ratio of the lateral strain to the axial strain decreased monotonously with the increasing of the axial stress. Still, the deformational properties were different for individual rocks in a quantitative sense. In particular, the difference in the lateral strains among different rocks was more distinct than that in the axial strains. For example, the Poisson's ratio at a stress level equal to 50% of the ultimate strength of a granodiorite was very low, close to zero. Furthermore, the Poisson's ratio of a tonalite was lower than that of a granodiorite, and assumed a negative value. This effect occurred because the lateral strain became positive as it changed from contraction at the initial stage of loading to extension at higher stress levels. There is no ready explanation for this phenomenon; it is believed, however, that it occurs due to microcracks pre-existing in rock materials and/or weak bonds between the adjacent mineral grains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-659
Number of pages6
JournalZairyo/Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Deformability
  • Eastern Japan
  • Gabbro
  • Granitic rock
  • Poisson's ratio
  • Tensile strength
  • Uniaxial tension
  • Young modulus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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