Dermal fibroblasts contribute to multiple tissues in the accessory limb model

Ayako Hirata, David M. Gardiner, Akira Satoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


The accessory limb model has become an alternative model for performing investigations of limb regeneration in an amputated limb. In the accessory limb model, a complete patterned limb can be induced as a result of an interaction between the wound epithelium, a nerve and dermal fibroblasts in the skin. Studies should therefore focus on examining these tissues. To date, however, a study of cellular contributions in the accessory limb model has not been reported. By using green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgenic axolotl tissues, we can trace cell fate at the tissue level. Therefore, in the present study, we transgrafted GFP skin onto the limb of a non-GFP host and induced an accessory limb to investigate cellular contributions. Previous studies of cell contribution to amputation-induced blastemas have demonstrated that dermal cells are the progenitors of many of the early blastema cells, and that these cells contribute to regeneration of the connective tissues, including cartilage. In the present study, we have determined that this same population of progenitor cells responds to signaling from the nerve and wound epithelium in the absence of limb amputation to form an ectopic blastema and regenerate the connective tissues of an ectopic limb. Blastema cells from dermal fibroblasts, however, did not differentiate into either muscle or neural cells, and we conclude that dermal fibroblasts are dedifferentiated along its developmental lineage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-350
Number of pages8
JournalDevelopment Growth and Differentiation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - May 2010


  • Accessory limb model
  • Dedifferentiation
  • Dermal fibroblasts
  • Limb regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology


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