Design and Synthesis of Novel Cyclooxygenase-1 Inhibitors as Analgesics: 5-Amino-2-ethoxy-N-(substituted-phenyl)benzamides

Ryosuke Fukai, Xiaoxia Zheng, Kazunori Motoshima, Akihiro Tai, Futoshi Yazama, Hiroki Kakuta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


We previously found that N-(4-aminophenyl)-4-trifluoromethylbenzamide (TFAP), a COX-1 inhibitor, exhibits an analgesic effect without causing gastric damage. Unfortunately, TFAP causes reddish purple coloration of urine, and its analgesic effect is less potent than that of indomethacin. Herein we describe our study focusing on the development of 4- and 5-amino-2-alkoxy-N-phenylbenzamide scaffolds, designed on the basis of the structures of TFAP and parsalmide, another known COX-1 inhibitory analgesic agent. 5-Amino-2-ethoxy-N-(2- or 3-substituted phenyl)benzamide derivatives exhibited analgesic activity in a murine acetic acid induced writhing test. Among these compounds, 5-amino-2-ethoxy-N-(2-methoxyphenyl)benzamide (9v) possesses potent COX-1 inhibitory and analgesic activities, similar to those of indomethacin. In addition, 5-amino-2-ethoxy-N-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)benzamide (9g) showed a more potent analgesic effect than indomethacin or 9v without causing apparent gastric damage or coloration of urine, although its COX-1 inhibitory activity was weaker than that of indomethacin or 9v. Thus, 9g and 9v appear to be promising candidates for analgesic agents and are attractive lead compounds for further development of COX-1 inhibitors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-560
Number of pages11
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 7 2011


  • Analgesics
  • Cyclooxygenase-1
  • Gastric damage
  • Inhibitors
  • Phenylbenzamides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Organic Chemistry


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