Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in clinical specimens by polymerase chain reaction method.

H. G. Bi, A. Saito, M. Koide, T. Ishimine, M. Futenma, Y. Yamashiro, N. Kusano, K. Kawakami

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An insertion sequence repeated multiple times in the chromosome of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was used as a target for amplification using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis in clinical specimens. The sequences of primers were 5'-CCTGCGAGCGTAGGCGTCGG-3' (primer 1) and 5'-CTCGTCCAGCGCCGCTTCGG-3' (primer 2). One cycle of amplification consisted of denaturing at 94 degrees C for 2 min, primer annealing at 68 degrees C for 2 min, and extension at 72 degrees C for 2 min. DNA (5 fg) extracted from M. tuberculosis was detected by gel electrophoresis and Southern blot hybridization after 40 cycles of amplification. The amplification products were not obtained by DNA extracted from M. kansasii, M. intracellulare, M. avium, M. fortuitum, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Legionella pneumophila and Staphylococcus aureus; only from the M. tuberculosis complex. PCR results were compared with conventional cultural, pathological and microscopic findings in the detection of M. tuberculosis in 112 clinical specimens. There were 25 specimens that were positive for M. tuberculosis by cultural or pathological examination, of which 20 (80%) were positive by PCR. PCR detected the organism in 5 (83%) of 6 smear-positive specimens and 15 (79%) of 19 smear-negative specimens in which culture or pathology revealed M. tuberculosis. In addition, 2 smear-negative specimens and 8 smear-negative and culture-negative specimens were positive by PCR. These 10 samples were collected from the patients suspected as having tuberculosis by the clinical diagnosis based on the clinical history, characteristic radiographs, a positive PPD skin test and the effectiveness of anti-tuberculous drugs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-279
Number of pages8
JournalKansenshogaku zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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