Detection of protein conformation under stress conditions using liposomes as sensor materials

Ryoichi Kuboi, Toshinori Shimanouchi, Makoto Yoshimoto, Hiroshi Umakoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Calcein release from liposomes was analyzed kinetically in the presence of various proteins under the stress condition. In the case of bovine carbonic anhydrase (CAB), a significant release of calcein was observed at pH 4. The conformational change of CAB from the native to the molten-globule (MG) state was confirmed using an aqueous two-phase partitioning method and immobilized liposome chromatography. The CAB-liposome interaction was maximum at a specific pH (4.0), where the CAB conformation was an MG-like state. The results may show that the hydrophobic interaction between CAB and liposomes enhances the perturbation of the liposome membrane, leading to a significant release of calcein from liposomes. These phenomena depended not only on the characteristics of proteins (local hydrophobicity, LHpr) but also on the dynamic properties of liposomes (membrane fluidity). These results obtained with CAB may be extended to other proteins. The manner of protein-induced calcein release was classified into at least two types. Calcein release due to the addition of proteins having either disulfide bonds or being rich in beta-sheet structure was not observed. On the contrary, a significant release of calcein was observed in the case of a reduced protein with a cleaved disulfide bond and in the case of a protein with relatively a low content of beta-sheet structure. These findings suggest that a liposome containing calcein can be used as an effective sensor element for the detection of proteins having large structural fluctuations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-254
Number of pages14
JournalSensors and Materials
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Calcein release
  • Immobilized liposome chromatography
  • Liposome-protein interaction
  • Local hydrophobicity
  • Membrane fluidity
  • Membrane perturbation
  • Molten-globule (MG) state

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Materials Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Detection of protein conformation under stress conditions using liposomes as sensor materials'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this