Detection of spatial repolarization abnormalities in patients with LQT1 and LQT2 forms of congenital long-QT syndrome

Akihiko Kandori, Wataru Shimizu, Miki Yokokawa, Takeshi Maruo, Hideaki Kanzaki, Satoshi Nakatani, Shiro Kamakura, Kunio Miyatake, Masahiro Murakami, Tsuyoshi Miyashita, Kuniomi Ogata, Keiji Tsukada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study is to detect the spatial current dispersion that appears in the T-wave of patients with congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS). To observe this dispersion, magnetocardiograms (MCGs) - which have a high spatial resolution - of LQT1 patients (n = 7), LQT2 patients (n = 9) and a control group (n = 33) were recorded. The dispersion was evaluated by plotting current-arrow maps (CAMs) calculated from the MCG signals. In the case of LQT1, abnormal current arrows in the CAMs appeared above the inferior part of the heart in two LQT1 patients with a long corrected QT interval (QTc) (>0.6), and the current direction was from the left (origin side) to the right ventricular muscle (110°). In six out of nine LQT2 patients, abnormal current arrows with angles below 20° were observed above the right inferior part or lower septum; the current direction was from the right (origin side) to the left ventricular muscle. However, in the case of the LQT2 patients, the QTc values did not correlate with the abnormal current. These findings suggest that the origin of abnormal repolarization in LQT1 is the left ventricular muscle and the origin of that in LQT2 is the right ventricular muscle or lower septum. The estimation of the origin in LQTS patients can provide important information such as the risk factor of sudden death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-614
Number of pages12
JournalPhysiological Measurement
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Current-arrow map
  • Long-QT syndrome
  • Magnetocardiogram

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Physiology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physiology (medical)


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