Detectors and cultural heritage: The INFN-CHNet experience

Lorenzo Giuntini, Lisa Castelli, Mirko Massi, Mariaelena Fedi, Caroline Czelusniak, Nicla Gelli, Lucia Liccioli, Francesca Giambi, Chiara Ruberto, Anna Mazzinghi, Serena Barone, Francesca Marchegiani, Stefano Nisi, Carmine Lubritto, Simona Altieri, Luca Tortora, Paolo Branchini, Andrea Fabbri, Valerio Graziani, Sergio Barcellos LinsLaura Guidorzi, Alessandro Lo Giudice, Alessandro Re, Leandro Sottili, Antonella Balerna, Mariangela Cestelli Guidi, Lucilla Pronti, Martina Romani, Fauzia Albertin, Matteo Bettuzzi, Rosa Brancaccio, Maria Pia Morigi, Daniele Alloni, Andrea Salvini, Barbara Smilgys, Michele Prata, Saverio Altieri, Maurizio Bonesini, Daniela Di Martino, Massimiliano Clemenza, Massimo Carpinelli, Piernicola Oliva, Valeria Sipala, Anna Maria Gueli, Stefania Pasquale, Giuseppe Stella, Giancarlo Pepponi, Francesco Grazzi, Francesco Taccetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Detectors are a key feature of the contemporary scientific approach to cultural heritage (CH), both for diagnostics and conservation. INFN-CHNet is the network of the Italian National Institute of Nuclear Physics that develops and applies new instrumentation for the study of CH. This process results in both optimized traditional state-of-the-art and highly innovative detection setups for spectrometric techniques. Examples of the former are X-rays, gamma-rays, visible-light and particles spectrometers tailored for CH applications, with optimized performances, reliability, weight, transportability, cost, absorbed power, and complementarity with other techniques. Regarding the latter, examples are ARDESIA, the array of detectors at the DAFNE-Light facility, the MAXRS detection setup at the Riken-RAL muon beamline and the imaging facilities at the LENA Laboratory. Paths for next-generation instruments have been suggested, as in the case of the X-ray Superconductive Detectors and X-ray Microcalorimeter Spectrometers, allowing astonishing improvement in energy resolution. Many issues in CH can now be addressed thanks to scientific techniques exploiting the existing detectors, while many others are still to be addressed and require the development of new approaches and detectors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3462
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Detectors for cultural heritage
  • Detectors for mass spectrometry
  • Gamma-ray detectors
  • Neutron detectors
  • Particle detectors
  • Photon-counting detectors
  • X-ray detectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Instrumentation
  • General Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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