Development of a Line-by-Line and a Correlated k-Distribution Radiation Models for Planetary Atmospheres

Yoshiyuki O. Takahashi, Yoshi Yuki Hayashi, George L. Hashimoto, Kiyoshi Kuramoto, Masaki Ishiwatari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A set of line-by-line and correlated k-distribution radiation models are developed aiming for applications in simulations and examinations of Venus and Mars-like planetary atmospheres. Our line-by-line model is validated by comparing the results with observations and those of previous studies under conditions of Venus, and present and possible early Mars. The radiation fields calculated by our line-by-line model agree well with observed profiles and are within the acceptable range from those presented in previous studies. The results obtained by our line-by-line model are then processed to generate a series of parameters for our correlated k-distribution model. It is confirmed that the radiation fields calculated with those sets of parameters by our correlated k-distribution model sufficiently agree with those by our line-by-line model for the atmospheres with a wide range of surface pressure. By the use of our correlated k-distribution model implemented with those sets of parameters, we evalu-ate the radiation field for Venus and calculate radiative-convective equilibrium profiles for Venus and Mars. The obtained vertical thermal structures for Venus are qualitatively consistent with observations, and the behaviors of surface pressure and surface temperature for Mars are similar to those reported by previous studies. Those results demonstrate that our models including the procedure for generating tables of radiation parameters are applicable to examine climates of CO2 dominant atmospheres in our solar and exoplanetary systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-66
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of the Meteorological Society of Japan
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Mars
  • planetary atmosphere
  • radiation
  • Venus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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